Canada has been its own dominion since 1867. Since that time, Canada has witnessed its fair share of memorable moments and remarkable history. Some of the more memorable moments in Canadian history include:
. July 1, 1867: The day it all began. July 1 is celebrated as Canada Day throughout the country because on this day 144 years ago Britain's North American colonies officially united as the Dominion of Canada.
. 1873: The North-West Mounted Police are formed. Canadians and many others across the globe commonly refer to these officials as "Mounties."
. 1875: Jennie Kidd Trout becomes the first licensed female physician in Canada.
. 1885: The North-West Rebellion, an ultimately unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of Saskatchewan against the Dominion of Canada, occurs.
. 1898: The Klondike Gold Rush, a frenzied gold rush immigration in the Yukon district of Canada, hits full swing.
. 1900: Reginald Fessenden, who was born in Canada, makes what might have been the first wireless radio broadcast.
. 1903: Canada loses the Alaska boundary dispute to the United States. Though the loss created disappointment and anger among Canadians, those feelings were directed more toward the British government, whom many Canadians felt betrayed Canadian interests.
. 1909: The first Grey Cup is played. The championship of the Canadian Football League, the Grey Cup was first won by the University of Toronto Varsity Blues, who defeated the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club on Dec. 4.
. 1916: The Canadian Parliament buildings fire occurs on a freezing February night in Ottawa.
. 1920: Canada joins the League of Nations.
. 1925: Women in Newfoundland receive the right to vote.
. 1935: The Bank of Canada, Canada's central bank, opens under private ownership.
. 1937: Trans-Canada Air Lines, today known as Air Canada, begins regular flights.
. 1939: Canada, after initially remaining neutral, declares war on Germany, joining the Second World War.
. 1952: Canada's first television stations begin part-time broadcasts in Montreal and Toronto.
. 1956: The Canadian Labour Congress, the central labour body in English Canada, is formed.
. 1960: The Quiet Revolution, a period of intense change in Quebec that continues to inspire controversy today, begins.
. 1961: Wayne Gretzky, who many consider the greatest hockey player of all-time, is born in Ontario.
. 1966: The Munsinger Affair becomes Canada's first political sex scandal.
. 1975: The CN Tower in Toronto becomes the world's tallest free-standing structure.
. 1977: Quebec passes Bill 101, which restricted English schooling to the children of parents who had been educated in English schools.
. 1981: Terry Fox, a Canadian athlete and humanitarian, dies of cancer.
. 1992: Roberta Bondar becomes Canada's first female astronaut in orbit.
. 1992: The Toronto Blue Jays become the first team from outside the United States to win Major League Baseball's World Series. They would repeat their series win a year later.
. 2000: The Clarity Act, outlining the terms of Quebec's separation from Canada, is passed.
. 2010: Vancouver hosts the Winter Olympics, during which Canada wins 14 gold medals.